The availability of water has officially reached critical level for the municipality of La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It will officially be the first city in North America to be out of water. Because of this, the Los Cabos municipality set water usage to high alert.
The high alert in Los Cabos is necessary because of the areas tendency towards aquifer depletion. Currently the aquifers that La Paz use, have approximately 5000 gallons. While the city has most of the water reserves, the regions agricultural sector receives some water for farming.
In Los Cabos, the Santa Anita aquifer is in the red. The aquifer provides water to San José del Cabo, the tourist zone, as well as 60% of the port of Cabo San Lucas. The result is currently there is no water available. A new desalination plant will be operation in Cabo San Lucas by 2020.
In the case of La Paz, according to estimates there is an exploitation of all the local aquifers. The aquifers are constantly in use. As the crisis grows the severe scarcity of the the crisis looms.
Baja Californians have the lowest availability of fresh water per inhabitant, 23″ per year, when the national average is 127”, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Information Technology (INEGI).
This shortage is because of the climate and water conditions, also an increase in population, but because of a lack of infrastructure and faults in the current system.